Friday, May 22, 2020
circumstances can be taken into account when planning care that will empower individuals. I will use a variety of examples from health and social care. I will also extend these examples by assessing the potential difficulties in taking individual circumstances into account when planning care that will empower an individual, and make suggestions for improvement. Case study 1: Communication Rebecca and Nigel Smyth live with their three year old daughter, Helen, in a pleasant suburb at the edge of a large city. Helen has autism and attends a special nursery in the city four times a week. As HelenÃ¢â¬â¢s speech is not progressing at the rate expected for her age, the GP has referred her to Teresa, a speech and language therapist. Teresa has worked with Rebecca and Nigel, showing them how to encourage Helen. She has asked them for information about Helen, calling them Ã¢â¬Ëthe expertsÃ¢â¬â¢. Rebecca and Nigel feel that Teresa shared the support and planning for Helen with them and this has encouraged them to work with her as partners. In this case study Helen has autism and the speech and language therapist is able to work very closely with HelenÃ¢â¬â¢s parent. Every childÃ¢â¬â¢s parents know their child better than anyone else as they are with them 24/7. However Helen can only be helped to a certain extent, not every parent will have the same amount of time to care for their child. We have found out that Helen goes to a special nursery but not every child gets the same amount of help Helen is gettingShow MoreRelatedmiss1688 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesassessment tools involved in planning support for individuals with different needs who use social services M2- Describe how three key professionals could be involved in planning support for individuals. In this assignment I will be identifying the processed and assessment tools involved in planning support for individuals with different needs who use social service. I will also be describing how three key professionals could be involved in planning support for individuals. The first stage in theRead MoreHealth and Social Care- Case Study- P3/P4/M2/D2 Essay examples1339 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesDescribe ways in which care workers can empower Individuals (P3)Explain why it is important to take individual circumstances into account when planning care that will empower an individual, using relevant example from health and social care (P4)Discuss the extent to which individual circumstances can be taken into account when planning care that will empower them, using relevant examples from health and social care (M2)Assess the potential difficulties in taking individual circumstances into accountRead MoreApplication Of An Electronic Health Record1272 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesEmpower As a nurse facilitator walking into a room of disgruntled nurses, the task of planning or an electronic medical record adoption will not be an easy task. However, with the right approach, this endeavor can be motivating. Our future is dependent on our ability to adapt to an ever-evolving healthcare system that is becoming increasingly integrated with a dynamic technology explosion. Nursing leaders need to develop insight into healthcare s future and prepare the foundation for the changesRead MoreEarly Childhood Care: Professional and Family Empowerment657 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesEarly Childhood Care Professional and Family Empowerment: Families with children with special needs usually experience distinctive additional challenges in supporting their children and promoting their holistic development. While these children can achieve extraordinary things through necessary support from families and friends, they usually fail to receive support from their families. Generally, these children need care, necessary support for growth and care, and safety. One of the major reasonsRead MoreLeader and Managing the Changes in Health Care754 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pageswhich requires nurses to possess complex leadership skills that can be utilized to accomplish the most successful outcome possible for each individual patient (Titzer, Phillips, Tooley, Hall, Shirey, 2013). Managing these fundamental challenges necessitates the ability to acquire knowledgeable research and implement it into a strategic plan of care for individuals and/or communities (Titzer et al., 2013). In this paper I will explain why I chose the leader and manager role, and I will examine the challengesRead MoreThe Importance of Delegation Essay1109 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesDelegation is an important function in any organization and in todayÃ¢â¬â¢s environment we see it becoming increasingly important in the health care setting. For management to make the best use of their time and skills effective delegation of tasks to the staff assists in their growth and development, builds confidence and trust, and increases the amount of work completed. Effective delegating provides benefits to the organization when managers mobilize resources, share responsibilities, and focus onRead MoreEnd Of Life Care Planning Essay1262 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesEnd of Life Care Planning Dilemma Professional Relevance End of Life Care Planning is a controversial topic that is huge dilemma in healthcare. The average Medicare expenditures per person over the last two years of life was $102, 939.00 (Harter, 2015). One quarter of traditional Medicare spending for health care is for services provided to Medicare beneficiaries in their last year of life (The Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation, 2016). Nurses deal withRead MoreValues and Principles Which Underpin Planning and Support Essay1050 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesTask 1: Values and principles which underpin planning and support Ã¢â¬Å"Explain how the application of relevant principles and values will enable professionals to provide holistic support for individuals who use social services.Ã¢â¬ (P1) Holistic support is providing care by a holistic approach to improve an individualÃ¢â¬â¢s quality of life not only physically but also intellectually, emotionally, socially, culturally and spiritually. Values are beliefs people are about what is important and morally rightRead MorePreferences, Preferences, Wishess And Needs1251 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesable to lead a person-centred practice 2.1 Support others to work with individuals to establish their history, preferences, wishes and needs Individuals should be as involved as much as possible in the decision making process regarding the organisations and disciplines they require to ensure that the contributions to their care package are appropriate and required. If everyone works from the same information and the individuals needs and preferences are at the centre of the information all the organizationsRead MoreThe Theory Of Community Empowerment1522 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesreciprocal health. This theory is designed to incorporate and empower everyone involved. By empowering the community of nurses and sustaining employee engagement, patient and employee satisfaction would remain the same, if not increase (6 Leadership strategies for navigating perpetual change in healthcare, 2015). Change is tough for most people and the time to adjust varies with each individual. Taking some time to acknowledge each individual and their needs is an important factor to being a great leader
Thursday, May 7, 2020
Week 12 Essay: Have the rising rates of AIDS and other sexually transmitted diseases affected the sexual double standard for men and women? Should it? Why or why not? Use examples from the reading(s) to support your position. When there is an epidemic of any disease, especially sexually transmitted diseases, the evolution and consequences of it are inevitably tied to its socially constructed meanings. The issue of AIDS has been around for several decades, and has affected the perception of men and women in different ways. The rising rates of AIDS has had various social impacts on sexuality, gender, and social control, but not has not affected the double standard that has always worked against women. When it comes to sex andÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Despite the trouble several school systems face when trying to offer sex education, most schools do offer some form of AIDS education to students. Common tools for AIDS education are videos shown to adolescents in a variety of forms. Although, these may be useful they are generally rife with problems that could give young men and women the wrong notions about sex and STD prevention and perpetuate the double standard between genders. A study of the common videos used in several high schools showed that women are expected take responsibility for any sexual activity (Steele 398). Many of the videos are directly addressed to women or implicitly addressed using confusing statements and the use of male pronouns that would go something like Ã¢â¬Å"Find someone you can be in a monogamous relationship full of love and respect. Give this person your trust and expect him to trust you and stay true to you as you are to him.Ã¢â¬ The message for women specifically is subtle, but itÃ¢â¬â¢s there. Gender differences and its inevitable double standard are apparent among young women and men when it comes to practicing safe sex in order to protect against AIDS and other sexually transmitted diseases. Something different is expected from each gender, and men continue to possess the sexual hegemony that they have for centuries. Men are expected to give full disclosure of sexual history to their female partner and women are expected to have no sexualShow MoreRelatedSociology Essay20437 Words Ã |Ã 82 PagesAS Sociology Sociology Nik Jorgensen Text Ã © Nelson Thornes Distance Learning 2010 Illustrations Ã © Nelson Thornes Distance Learning 2010 All rights reserved. The copyright holders authorise ONLY users of NTDL AS Sociology to make photocopies for their own or their studentsÃ¢â¬â¢ immediate use within the teaching context. No other rights are granted without permission in writing from the publisher or under licence from the Copyright Licensing Agency Limited, of Saffron House, 6Ã¢â¬â10 Kirby StreetRead MoreSociology Essay1991 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pagesmight account for social order, and discuss the extent to which you find those explanations convincing. Social order is one of the most central aspects of sociology. Two main factors are necessary for the existence of social order: predictability of society and cooperative behaviour of individuals (Hechter and Horne, 2003). In this essay I will describe how Ã¢â¬Ëvalues and normsÃ¢â¬â¢ and Ã¢â¬Ëpower and authorityÃ¢â¬â¢ account for social order, drawing on the explanations offered in Theories of Social Order: ARead MoreEssay Sociology676 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesPolitical and Social Research (Kendall, 01/2014, p. 49). The flaws would be if not all students were counted or were recorded incorrectly. Also some information may not be available that would make the study more precise. Kendall, D. (01/2014). Sociology in Our Times, 10th Edition [VitalSource Bookshelf version]. Retrieved from http://online.vitalsource.com/books/9781305450387 Read MoreEssay Sociology and Religion1158 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagessome experience with religion. Whether our parents are religious, our own religious views, or others who try and convert you to a religion, we have all come in contact with a religion. But what do sociology and religion have to do with each other? The answer to this question is that religion meets sociology in the affects that it has on an individual or society (Schaefer, Richard T, 2009, pg 323). What is a religion? A religion is defined by Richard Schaefer as a unified system of beliefs andRead MoreSociology as Essay640 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pagesour understanding of how social identity is shaped by gender. (24 marks) An identity is who we are, this is made up of how we see ourselves and how others see us. Social identity is based on ones membership to particular groups in society. This essay will examine the way in which sociologist contribute to our understanding by providing theories and ideas of how social identity is shaped by gender. Ann Oakley, a feminist sociologist suggested that there are four ways in which gender socializationRead MoreSociology and Deviance Essay2077 Words Ã |Ã 9 PagesÃ¢â¬Å"Becoming a deviant involves a social process of definitionÃ¢â¬ . The purpose of this essay is to show how this sociological perspective can assist in understanding drug taking in society. In the essay I will discuss the notion of deviance and will demonstrate that people do not become deviants on the strength of their behaviour alone, but by the sanctions of a society whose norms that the offender has deemed to have violated. I will examine approaches to deviance through biological, psychologicalRead MoreSociology of Sport Essay1085 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesin Society: Issues and Controversies 8th edition. New York: McGraw-Hill. Craig, P., Beedie, P. (2008). Sport Sociology. Exeter, UK: Learning Matters. Jarvie, G. (2006). Sport, Culture and Society: An Introduction. Abingdon: Routledge. Messner, M. A. (2007). Out of play : critical essays on gender and sport . New York: State University of New York Press. Mewett, P. (2000). Sociology: Australian Connections 2nd edition. Sydney: Allen Unwin.Read MoreReflective Sociology Essay2218 Words Ã |Ã 9 PagesÃ¯ » ¿ The last six weeks have challenged my preconceived ideas about sociology and the role that it plays in society in the popular and social media, my values, behaviours and belief system. What I hope to highlight throughout this reflective essay is what I have learnt and how that has shaped my new thought process and reinforced old thought patterns. Week one I learnt about the Sociological imagination where to quote C Wright Ã¢â¬Å"The sociological imagination enables us to grasp the connection betweenRead More Sociology and Globalisation Essay2142 Words Ã |Ã 9 Pages Globalization has been recognized as a new age in which the world has developed into what Giddens identifies to be a Ã¢â¬Å"single social systemÃ¢â¬ (Anthony Giddens: 1993 Ã¢â¬ËSociologyÃ¢â¬â¢ pg 528), due to the rise of interdependence of various countries on one another, therefore affecting practically everyone within society. In this essay I will give a detailed explanation of what sociologists mean by the term Ã¢â¬ËglobalisationÃ¢â¬â¢ and how they have tried to explain it. Globalisation can be construed inRead MoreSociology and Common Sense Essay1546 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesExplain the difference between a Ã¢â¬Å"common senseÃ¢â¬ and a Ã¢â¬Å"sociologicalÃ¢â¬ view of human behaviour, giving relevant examples. Sociology is a social science that enables people to understand the structure and dynamics of society. By using a scientific approach, and by critically analysing society using qualitative and quantitative methods, sociologists can find patterns and connections within human behaviour to provide explanations of how society affects people. Sociological views are based on theories
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
A Responds to a Short Story Entitled Ã¢â¬Å"We Might As Well Be StrangersÃ¢â¬ by M. E Kerr Sofyan Widianto 0909032 English Literature Indonesia University of Education 2012 Based on my understanding to the short story Entitled Ã¢â¬Å"We Might As Well Be StrangersÃ¢â¬ written by M. E Kerr, after close reading and deep thinking to the short story I bravely assume that the short story shows the independency of a woman. We will write a custom essay sample on Reader Respond to Short Story We Might as Well Be Stranger or any similar topic only for you Order Now The independency of a woman is shown through the main character in this story. The main problem in this short story discusses about Alison that isdescribed as a teenage girl who is lesbian to Laura, her best friend. It will be explained in the textual evidences below. Ã¢â¬Å" No, thatÃ¢â¬â¢s first. Frist am going to say that there was no need to announce it. You think I donÃ¢â¬â¢t know whatÃ¢â¬â¢s going on with you and Laura? I donÃ¢â¬â¢t need eyes in the back of my head to figure that outÃ¢â¬ . Ã¢â¬Å"I canÃ¢â¬â¢t do anything about it, can I? I see it every time you bring her here. I would like to believe itÃ¢â¬â¢s a stage youÃ¢â¬â¢re going trhought, but from what IÃ¢â¬â¢ve read and heard it isnÃ¢â¬â¢tÃ¢â¬ . The certain conversations above are the speech that are told by AlisonÃ¢â¬â¢s mother that indicate that Alison is a lesbian. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s also supported by the speech of Alison Grand mother. We can see on the textual evidance below. Ã¢â¬Å"So you donÃ¢â¬â¢t have to tell me about what it feels like to be an outsider. You donÃ¢â¬â¢t have to tell me about prejudice. But, Alison, I thank you for telling me about your self. IÃ¢â¬â¢m proud that you told me first. Ã¢â¬ Both of speech acts told and emphasize implicitly about Alison identity as a lesbian. As the explanations before that in this story Alison represent the independency of a woman, Alison decides to choose her own way to be a lesbian. It is shown in the conversation between she and her mother. We can see it from the Alison speech trough the conversation between she and her mother. Ã¢â¬Å" mom itÃ¢â¬â¢s not a choice. Was is a choise when you felt in love with Dad? Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"most definetly i chose him! Ã¢â¬ We can see that Alisson starts to chalange her mother about a logical opinion about love. Lets see the other interesting on the conversation below. Ã¢â¬Å" So what if the world was different, and men loved men and women loved women, but where still you? What would you do? My mother shrugged. Ã¢â¬Å"Find another world, I guess. Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"So thatÃ¢â¬â¢s what I did. I found another WorldÃ¢â¬ . From the speech from Alisson above it obviously shows the independency of her to make a descion to her own life. She says that words to her mother explicitly. For me, that speech is the most powerful evidence of Alison, and it indicates the independency of her. From the explanation above i bravely conclude that the potray Alison in this short story represents the independency of women to decide and to choose what women really want to do. How to cite Reader Respond to Short Story We Might as Well Be Stranger, Papers
Monday, April 27, 2020
First of all we are thankful to Almighty Allah who gave us strength for the completion of this project. And secondly thanks to our respected Sir Ali Asghar who directed us to focus really on the HR issues and department in a very effective way.We selected the Ufone Telecommunication because itÃ¢â¬â¢s very popular Telecommunication in Pakistan. Ufone is the leading organization in the cellular industry. They have 1500 plus employees. At their head office they had 150 employees. They have many branches in different cities of Pakistan. There is open door policy prevailing at Ufone. They really care about their employees and for the improvement of HRD they continuously conducting training workshops, which are both on the job and off the job. They do there recruitment through online and also through newspapers. They use both internal and external recruitment. All the recruitment and hiring is done from the head office. They are using a HRIS, which is a great sign for any organization especially like Ufone who are through their expansion. We will write a custom essay sample on Research Paper on Ufone or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page They do screening interviews, employment tests, job offers etc for the appointment. They also give their new entrants orientation so that they get familiar with the environment of the organization. The immediate supervisor evaluates performance. The probation period is 6 months. There are no unions in the organization. The style of management at Ufone is different from the traditional organizations, Ufone has adopted participative management. This type of management creates a sense of ownership among the employees. There are no workingwomen issues in Ufone, and women consist of 20 percent of total work force of Ufone. The Hr department at Ufone also manages grievance. Ufone provides perfect environment for employees to work efficiently to gain experience and to add worth to the organization. Pakistan Telecom Mobile Ltd, operating under the brand name of Ã¢â¬ËUfoneÃ¢â¬â¢ a wholly-owned subsidiary of PTCL commenced its operations on 29th January 2001 as a GSM 900 service provider. Since the outset it has expanded its coverage and customer base at a rapid pace and established itself as one of the leading cellular service providers in Pakistan. Ufone is now considered to be one of the most active, aggressive and innovative players in the mobile sector of Pakistan. The growth of cellular sector in Pakistan can also be attributable to good governance and conducive policies of the government of Pakistan. In connection with that in April 2006 Emirates Telecommunication Corporation, which is commonly known as Etisalat, has assumed management control of Pakistan Telecommunication Corporation Ltd Ã¢â¬â part of the $2. 6bn deal to buy a 26% stake. The successful privatization of PTCL, and consequently Ufone, is hailed as ushering in a new era for telecommunications in Pakistan. As mobile users in the country have reached 88 million at a very rapid pace. Ufone has a subscriber base of nearly 17. million and a market share of nearly 21%. Ufone has seen a subscriber growth of over 10 million since July 2007 onto its network. Subsequently the growth in subscriber base caused a healthy trend in its revenues and margins. Ufone has always played a pivotal role in the development of cellular market in Pakistan. For most part it has been a step ahead in introducing innovative products to the market. Ufone was pioneer in launching the GPRS services and Multimedia Messaging services (MMS) in Pakistan, including the lead in introducing GPRS international roaming and prepaid international roaming for these services in the Pakistani market. Currently Ufone has expanded its product portfolio to include Black Berry handsets and providing one of the largest EDGE networks in the country today. Ufone understands the need to communicate effectively and efficiently at all levels of society, which is why various products are catering for the needs of the Pakistan corporate market. It offers services such as mobile office, virtual private network (VPN), and a lot more too revolutionized communication. Ufone provides international Roaming facility with more than 215 international operators across 124 countries. Ufone has PRS roaming agreements with more than 100 international operators and also provides prepaid roaming facility to more than 15 destinations across the country. Ã Ufone commenced its operations, under the brand name of Ufone, from Islamabad on January 29/2001. Ufone expanded its coverage and has added new cities and highways to its coverage network. After the privatization of PTCL, Ufone is now owned by Etisalat. Under the agreement. Huawei will provide its future-oriented Energ GSM solution to expand UfoneÃ¢â¬â¢s network to cover 1500 cities, towns, villages, and all major highways in the country. The network also allows Ufone subscribers to enjoy high speed wireless data service. The GSM contract for Ufone also include huaweiÃ¢â¬â¢s new generation GSM dual density BTS that feature high integrated and receiving sensitivity to improve the network performance and lower the cost of network construction and Oamp;M expenditure. In addition, Huawei will provide Mobile Softswitch solution based on the advance R4 architecture to satisfy UfoneÃ¢â¬â¢s Network expansion requirements, enables the telecom service provider to evolve into 3G smoothly. Ufone markets its prepaid services as Ã¢â¬Å"PrepayÃ¢â¬ .
Thursday, March 19, 2020
The History of Corinthian Columns The word Corinthian describes an ornate column style developed in ancient Greece and classified as one of the Classical Orders of Architecture. The Corinthian style is more complex and elaborate than the earlier Doric and Ionic Orders. The capital or top part of a Corinthian style column has lavish ornamentation carved to resemble leaves and flowers. Roman architect Vitruvius observed that the delicate Corinthian design was produced out of the two other orders. He described the Corinthian column as an imitation of the slenderness of a maiden; for the outlines and limbs of maidens, being more slender on account of their tender years, admit of prettier effects in the way of adornment. Because of their opulence, Corinthian columns are rarely used as common porch columns for the ordinary home. The style is more suited for Greek Revival mansions and public architecture such as government buildings, especially courthouses. Characteristics of Corinthian columns include: Fluted (grooved) shaftsCapitals (the tops of each shaft) decorated withÃ acanthus leaves and flowers and sometimes small scrollsCapital ornaments that flare outward like bells, suggesting a sense of heightProportion; Vitruvius tells us that the height of their capitals gives them proportionately a taller and more slender effect than Ionic columns Why Are They Called Corinthian Columns? In the worlds first architecture textbook, De architectura (30 B.C.), Vitruvius tells the story of a young girl from the city-state of Corinth. A free-born maiden of Corinth, just of marriageable age, was attacked by an illness and passed away, writes Vitruvius. She was buried with a basket of her favorite things atop her tomb, near the root of an acanthus tree. That spring, leaves and stalks grew up through the basket, creating a delicate explosion of natural beauty. The effect caught the eye of a passing sculptor named Callimachus, who began to incorporate the intricate design onto column capitals. Because the sculptor found this design in Corinth, the columns that bear it became known as Corinthian columns. West of Corinth in Greece is the Temple of Apollo Epicurius at Bassae, thought to be the oldest surviving example of the Classical Corinthian column. This temple from about 425 B.C. is a UNESCO World Heritage site. The Tholos (a round building) at Epidauros (c. 350 B.C.) is thought to be one of the first structures to use a colonnade of Corinthian columns. Archaeologists have determined the tholos to have 26 exterior Doric columns and 14 interior Corinthian columns. The Temple of Olympian Zeus (175 B.C.) in Athens is said to have had more than 100 Corinthian columns. Are All Corinthian Capitals the Same? No, not all Corinthian capitals are exactly alike, but they are characterized by their leafy flowers. The capitals of Corinthian columns are more ornamented and delicate than the tops of other column types. They can easily deteriorate over time, especially when they are used outdoors. Early Corinthian columns were used primarily for interiors spaces, and thus were protected from the elements. The Monument of Lysikrates (c. 335 B.C.) in Athens features some of the earliest examples of exterior Corinthian columns. Replacing deteriorated Corinthian capitals must be done by master craftsmen. During the 1945 bombing of Berlin, the royal palace was heavily damaged, and it was later demolished in the 1950s. With the reunification of East and West Berlin, the palace was reinvented. Sculptors used old photographs to recreate the architectural details in the new facade, in clay and in plaster, noting that not all of the Corinthian capitals were the same. Architectural Styles That Use Corinthian Columns The Corinthian column and the Corinthian Order were created in ancient Greece. Ancient Greek and Roman architecture is collectively known as Classical, and so Corinthian columns are found in Classical architecture. The Arch of Constantine (A.D. 315) in Rome and the Ancient Library of Celsus in Ephesus feature examples of Corinthian columns in Classical architecture. Classical architecture was reborn during the Renaissance in the 15th and 16th centuries. Later derivatives of Classical architecture include the Neoclassical, Greek Revival, and Neoclassical Revival architectures of the 19th century, and the Beaux Arts architecture of the American Gilded Age. Thomas Jefferson was influential in bringing the Neoclassical style to America, as seen in the Rotunda at The University of Virginia in Charlottesville. Corinthian-like designs can also be found in some Islamic architecture. The distinctive capital of the Corinthian column comes in many forms, but the acanthus leaf appears in most designs. Professor Talbot Hamlin suggests that Islamic architecture was influenced by the acanthus leaf design: Many mosques, like those at Kairouan and Cordova, used actual ancient Corinthian capitals; and later Moslem capitals were often based on the Corinthian scheme in general pattern, although the tendency toward abstraction gradually removed all remaining signs of realism from the carving of the leaves. Famous Buildings With Corinthian Columns In the United States, famous buildings with Corinthian columns include the U.S. Supreme Court Building, the U.S. Capitol, and the National Archives Building, all of which are in Washington, D.C. In New York City, buildings with these columns include the New York Stock Exchange Building on Broad Street in Lower Manhattan and the James A. Farley Building, which is across the street from Penn Station and Madison Square Garden. In Rome, check out the Pantheon and the Colosseum, where Doric columns are on the first level, Ionic columns on the second, and Corinthian columns on the third. Great Renaissance cathedrals throughout Europe are apt to show off their Corinthian columns, including St. Pauls Cathedral and St Martin-in-the-Fields in London.
Monday, March 2, 2020
Innovative Ways to Teach Math Believe it or not, math can be taught in some very innovative ways, and private schools are some of the top educational institutions pioneering new ways to master a traditional subject. A case study in this unique approach to teaching math can be found at one of the top boarding schools in the US, the Phillips Exeter Academy. Years ago, teachers at Exeter developed a series of math books containing problems, techniques, and strategies that are now being used at other private day and boarding schools. This technique has become known as Exeter Math.Ã The Process of Exeter Math What makes Exeter Math truly innovative, is that the traditional classes and course progression of Algebra 1, Algebra 2, Geometry, etc., is done away with in favor of students learning the skills and computations necessary to solve problems. Every homework assignment contains elements of each traditional math course, rather than separating them out into segmented annual learning.Ã The math courses at Exeter are centered on the math problemsÃ written by the teachers. The entire course is different from traditional math classes in that it is problem-centered rather than topic-centered. For many, the traditional middle or high school math class generally presents a topic within the class time with the teacher and then asks students to complete lengthy assignments at home that consist of repetitive problem-solving exercises, intended to help students better master the procedures for homework. However, the process is altered in Exeters math classes, which involve little direct instruction drills. Instead, students are given a small number of word problems to complete each night independently. There is little direct instruction about how to complete the problems, but there is a glossary to help students, and the problems tend to build on each other. The students direct the learning process themselves. Each night, students work on the problems, doing the best they can, and log their work. In these problems, the learningÃ processÃ is just as important as the answer, and teachers want to see all of the studentsÃ¢â¬â¢ work, even if it is done on their calculators. What If a Student Struggles With Math? Teachers suggest that if students are stuck on a problem, they make an educated guess and then check their work. They do this by making up an easier problem with the same principle as the given problem. Since Exeter is a boarding school, students can visit their teachers, other students, or the math help center if they are stuck while doing their homework in their dorms at night. They are expected to carry out 50 minutes of concentrated work per night and to work persistently, even if the work is very difficult for them. The next day, students bring their work to class where they discuss it in a seminar-like style around a Harkness table, an oval-shaped table that was designed at Exeter and is used in most of their classes to facilitate conversation. The idea is not to just present the right answer but for each student to have a turn presenting his or her work to facilitate conversation, share methods, work out problems, communicate about ideas, and support other students. What Is the Purpose of the Exeter Method? While traditional math courses emphasize rote learning that does not connect to everyday issues, the purpose of the Exeter word problems is to help students really understand math by working out the equations and algorithms themselves rather than just being given them. They also come to understand the applications of the problems. While this process can be very difficult, particularly for students new to the program, students learn traditional math areas such as algebra, geometry, and others by working out the ideas themselves. As a result, they really understand them and how they relate to mathematical issues and problems they could encounter outside of the classroom. Many private schools across the country are adopting the Exeter math class materials and procedures, particularly for honors math class. Teachers at schools using Exeter math state that the program helps students own their work and take responsibility for learning it- rather than simply having it handed to them. Perhaps the most important aspect of Exeter math is that it teaches students that being stuck on a problem is acceptable. Instead, students realize that itÃ¢â¬â¢s all right not to know the answers right away and that discovery and even frustration are in fact essential to real learning. Updated by Stacy Jagodowski.
Saturday, February 15, 2020
Female Gangs - Research Paper Example However, researches in the past two decades by the United States Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) indicate that the existence of female gangs can be traced back to the 1800s (Moore & Hagedorn, 2012). Their roles have evolved from being alibis, sex toys, drugs and weapon holders to full gang membership. Studies have been conducted on gangs because gangs are of social concern. This paper will research on and discuss female gangs in three aspects. First, it will discuss the origin of female gangs and what drives females into forming or joining gangs. Secondly, it will discuss different types of female gangs and thirdly, how they play into male gangs. Although some of the earlier generalizations about female gangs still apply, there have been tremendous changes in their activities with their growing numbers. The OJJDP noted a police report from Boston that described a female gang as a growingly autonomous organization that plans and commits crime without any help from males (Moore & Hagedorn, 2012). It was feared that in Boston young girls were quickly adopting gang life rituals in the early 1990s. To integrate into gangs or form their own, females imitate the behaviors of male gangs (Moore & Hagedorn, 2012). In a bid to be like the males, they coordinate and take part in criminal activities, wear tattoos and clothing related to gangs. They borrow characteristics and styles of the dominant male gangs including patterns of violence, preferred weapons and use of graffiti to pass a message or declare their existence and presence in neighborhoods. Becoming a member is either by choice or forced initiation (Moore & Hagedorn, 2012). Forced initiation is in the form of being jumped-in by gang members. On the other hand, females who opt into gangs by choice offer themselves to be used sexually by gang members in exchange of climbing up the hierarchy. However, those who are